Phonological Awareness is the conscious awareness to the sound structure of our language. Basic levels of phonological awareness skills include listening to, recognizing and completing rhymes; segmenting spoken words in sentences and syllables in words; and recognizing onset and rimes.
Phonemic awareness describes the awareness skills used to detect, blend, segment and manipulate individual sounds in words.
The terms phonological awareness and phonemic awareness are not interchangeable. Phonemic awareness is a subset of phonological awareness. Phonemic awareness occurs exclusively at the sound level. It does not include awareness skills at the word or syllable level. The term phoneme means sound hence the term 'phonemic awareness' or in easier to understand language ‘sound awareness’.
Before children learn to read and write they must first understand how the sounds in words work. They must understand that our words are made up of speech sounds.
Counting or clapping out the words in a phrase or sentence.
Stating the word formed when two or more syllables are presented with a pause between syllables.
Clapping or otherwise identifying each syllable in a word.
Identifying what remains when asked to remove one or more syllables from a word.
Interchanging syllables in words to form new words.
Identifying one sound by position in a word.
Stating the word formed when two or more segmented sounds are presented.
Identifying the individual sounds in words.
Identifying what remains when asked to remove one or more sounds from a given word.
Changing sounds in words to form new words.